Industry News

Conservation Conversations: Meet the Wildlife Warriors of the Natural Diamond Industry

The natural diamond industry is behind some of the world’s most important wildlife and conservation programs in Canada, Russia and Africa. Each has a common goal to protect nature and create a lasting legacy.

More than 654,000 acres of wilderness – an area three times greater than the size of New York City – is protected by conservation and environmental programs directly managed and funded by the natural diamond mining industry.

Behind these initiatives are some incredible individuals. From game scouts to environmentalists, these people are the everyday heroes protecting endangered wildlife and their natural habitats, ensuring that these rare and beautiful species who walk among us today are protected for future generations.

Isaia Byele is a game scout on the De Beers Group’s Venetia Limpopo Nature Reserve in South Africa. Picture credit: James Oatway for De Beers Group.

The Game Scout

“I was born on a farm on the outskirts of what is now the Venetia Limpopo Nature Reserve. Back then, the land was owned by cattle farmers. They did not tolerate the free roaming carnivores very much. Then De Beers bought the property and implemented a strict wildlife conservation policy.

“There is no such thing as a typical day in the life of a game scout. Every day is different and no game drive is ever the same”

An elephant at the Venetia Limpopo Nature Reserve, part of the Diamond Route in South Africa. Picture credit: De Beers Group
These giraffes are protected in the Venetia Limpopo Nature Reserve, which spans more than 79,000 acres in Limpopo, South Africa. Picture credit: De Beers Group.

“The immediate focus was to restore the land and bring back the natural biodiversity impacted by the cattle farms. For this they needed game rangers who knew the land well and I was offered a job as a game scout. I was so happy that I could stay on the farm where I was born and raised. I knew the area like the back of my hand.

“There is no such thing as a typical day in the life of a game scout. Every day is different and no game drive is ever the same – I am the eyes and ears for the reserve and I must observe and assess both animals and tracks and report it back to the office.

On the reserve we have lions, leopards and cheetah, as well as elephants, giraffes and antelopes. Today, the reserve spans across more than 79,000 acres and is a thriving habitat that hosts a variety of ecosystems and disease-free wildlife. A visiting breeding pair of Southern Ground-Hornbill which is an endangered species and pangolin have also been seen here from time to time.”

The Environmental Expert

“As a young lady, I really liked to be outdoors and I loved animals – that was the initial trigger for me. I studied environmental protection and decided to work in the field because it is very important that we leave a legacy for whoever comes after us.

Dineo Chite, environmental expert from De Beers Group, Botswana. Picture credit: De Beers Group

“It is very important that we leave a legacy for whoever comes after us”

“We have engaged Wildlife Botswana to do research on birds, specifically vultures, to find out how we can preserve breeding areas and make sure the birds are not being impacted by any projects that are happening around the park.

Rhinos are among the endangered species protected by the Natural Diamond mining industry in Botswana. Picture credit: Andrew Morgan

“We look to do everything we can to preserve the natural environment once the mines have closed. The main industry then will be tourism, so preserving the environment has a particularly profound consequence for both the local community and the country as a whole, because the natural habitat and biodiversity is strongly linked to potential improvements in livelihood during the post-closure period. This is my passion, doing whatever I can to make sure that Botswana’s natural beauty is preserved for future generations to enjoy.”

Sean Sinclair, Rio Tinto’s Principal Advisor, Environment and Closure Readiness, Diavik Diamond mines. Picture credit: Rio Tinto.

The Operations Advisor

“My most important day-to-day duty is to protect both animals and workers by minimizing the interaction between wildlife and the diamond mining operations. On the tundra around the Diavik mine we get grizzly bears, wolves and wolverines, lots of birds of prey like peregrine falcons and hawks, as well as moose and foxes.

“As we approach closure in 2025 we are working towards a positive legacy by returning the land to a state guided by pre-development conditions and traditional knowledge”

A wolverine takes a snowy walk in the plains that span the Diavik mine in Canada. Picture credit: Rio Tinto.
Diavik, Canada. Picture credit: Rio Tinto.
Environmental experts from Rio Tinto track and monitor grizzly bears and other endangered animals, helping them to thrive. Picture credit: Rio Tinto

“The first thing to do is make sure that there is nothing to attract the animals to the area, such as any garbage that could prove tempting. So whilst we try very hard not to attract the wildlife, we want it to be able to pass freely through the area. If anyone spots a grizzly, we send out a crew who will monitor it to make sure everyone stays safe.

“Through the summer we normally get dozens of sightings of grizzlies – they are generally not interested in humans and are just passing through, eating whatever berries and vegetation they can find. But we have to keep an eye on them to make sure they don’t wander into areas where there may be surprise human contact, which could be potentially dangerous.

“During the 17 years of mining operations we have had the opportunity to participate in numerous wildlife studies, which have helped understand the distribution of caribou across the area, for example. As we approach closure in 2025 we are working towards a positive legacy by returning the land to a state guided by pre-development and traditional knowledge as soon as we can, and at the same time we will hopefully have contributed a great deal to understanding how such a diverse range of animals survives in this harsh environment.”

Sergey Simonov, director of the Living Diamonds of Yakutia park in northeastern Russia, supported by ALROSA. Picture credit: Grigory Iftody

The Living Diamonds Director

“The wildlife of this Sakha region of Russia is very rich and we do a lot to help preserve it for future generations. In the early 2000s ALROSA began discussions about a sanctuary to preserve a number of species and in 2009 opened the Living Diamonds of Yakutia. The sanctuary is populated with Canadian bison, wild reindeer, spotted deer, bears, elk and even peacock, which are a special attraction for visitors.

“Educating the next generation is very important, as they will be the next ones tasked with safeguarding the wildlife of this beautiful part of the world”

The unspoiled beauty of Mirny, Siberia, renowned for its Living Diamonds of Yakutia Natural Park. Picture credit: ALROSA

“In the Artic region there is very little infrastructure, the local people live a traditional existence and wild reindeer are a very important part of the local culture, and a principle source of food and material for clothing. Over the years poaching and loss of habitat has had an impact on numbers, and this is why it is important that we are investing in breeding programs and habit preservation to help maintain the population. These have now stabilized and we hope to see them gradually increasing again, and the investment from ALROSA has been invaluable.

“Even though thousands of people come to the park every year, they are just visitors and the wellbeing of ‘living diamonds’ is our priority – the park was created for the animals, and visitors are just guests. Newborns live safe in warm enclosures hidden from the public until they are older and more robust. Visitors, many of them children, come from all over the region, mostly from settlements that have grown up around the diamond mines. Educating the next generation is very important, as they will be the next ones tasked with safeguarding the wildlife of this beautiful part of the world.”

Reindeer take a swim. Yukatia National Park. Picture credit: ALROSA